The Limboo people otherwise called Subba, Yakthungba, Limboo and Tshong of Sikkim are the ethnic minority who have their particular way of life as one of the indigenous occupants of Sikkim having own content, culture, sustenance propensities, clothing, traditions, conventions, religion and dialect which are not precisely comparable with regards to whatever remains of the Nepali people group.
Generally, the Limboos of Sikkim alongside the Lepchas and Bhutias have acknowledged and sanctified “Phuntsog Namgyal” as the primary religious ruler of Sikkim at Yuksom in 1642, and “Sikkim” was named by Limboo People. The plain name of Sikkim started from the two lovely Limboo words “Suhim” signifying “New House”. Tibetan Sources considered as Bhutias, Lepchas and Limboos to be the first races of the Chogyal Kingdom. Around 1819, The Limboos were 20% Bhutias 30 % and the Lepchas involving half of all Sikkimese.
The Limboos Frequently intermarried with the Lepchas as of now there was clearly no apparent nepali Population Present. The Historical assention of the “Lho-Men-Tshong-Sum” were the Bhutias (Lhoree) was to thought to be a dad Lepcha (Menree) a mother and Limboo (Tsongree) a child, who occupied Sikkim at Chogyals period were the first tenants of Sikkim, before the initiation of Chogyal was made and understanding under Budhist Mythology separated from station, Clan and religion the Strongest connections were the slants of Blood ties.
Through this verifiable board called “Lho-Men-Tshong-Sum” the kingdom of Sikkim was to be ruled. They all similarly must be spoken to in the committee. They shouldn’t battle among themselves. In the event that one clan considers sick different clans the offender was to be vexed by the guarantee. The simple reason for gathering behind this assention was to build up family co-task and merge solidarity with regards to their homeland “Sikkim”.
It was the powers of those three networks which battled valiantly in 1788 war against Gorkha intrusion in Sikkim and in 1880s the British Indian Company assaulted and caught most parts of West Sikkim. Numerous Limboos have yielded their lives, battled war together with Bhutias and Lepchas for the guard of Sikkim made Limboos solid Historical hold profoundly into the dirt of Sikkim. However, because of the uneven approach of political pioneers, controls and narcissistic, the Limboo people group was discouraged in social, political, instructive and different fields being the first occupants of Sikkim. Since the minority limboo individuals of Sikkim are emphatically requesting their different seat reservation in the Sikkim Legislative gathering under the article 371 (f) with uncommon arrangement of neighborhood insurance and consideration of Limboo in the income demonstration no.! of 1917 at part with Bhutias and Lepchas Tribe.
Sikkimese Limboos are neither a Nepali by ethnicity and indigeneity nor Hindus or Buddhist by religion. The Limboo speaks Limboo Language and utilize Limboo Script. The Lepcha and Limboo contents were plunged from Sino-Tibetian Burman Languages of Central Himalayas to have their own particular composed Scripts. The Supreme god of Limboo is “Tagera Ningwaphuma” God. The god “Yuma” actually goddess “Grandma” or “Mother Earth” is the most imperative and famous among the Limboos and is named “Yumaism”. They have their own particular religious minister called Phedangba, Samba, Yeaba (male) and Yeama (Female) and of animist. Copying of “Sangsing” insence to offer petitions utilizing Artemisia, ginger, evergreen grass cyndrondactylon, Banana Leaves, stick Bamboo and spread light are sacrosanct and religious criticalness. Generally, the Limboo burry their demise body at “Chey-Yan” which means Graveyard.
The Worshipping spot of Limboo’s is called “Mangkhim” nature venerating is the fundamental standard of Limboo clan. They trusted that limboo content was honored, prepared and granted by god “Tagera Ningwaphuma” to Sirijunga at Himalaya called Phaktanglungma after a long reflection. It is where the western arm of Kanchanjunga extend closes in amazing engineering of Mount Kumbakarna (Jannu), to which the limboo allude as Phoktanglungma. The confidence of Limboos is supported in the heavenly sacred writings mundhums “Intensity of extraordinary quality” and is the inheritance of legacy for the limboos in light of the fact that it records all stories and convictions of the general population go down orally from age to age and discussed by religious clerics.
The Limboo trust that the earth is imbued with otherworldly vitality. They unequivocally have faith in nature god and Mt. Kanchanjunga is called Sewalungma “which implies mountain that we offer welcome to”. Each Limboo family respects an incomparable god Tagera Ningwapuma, mountain and waterway divinities every year by their religious pioneers Shamba and Phedangbas. They hold their incredible regard and welcome for the Himalayas, wild creatures and feathered creatures from dirtying and executing exercises. They fear it will outrage the proprietor ‘god’ and overseer for mountain and wild creatures ‘Toksongba’ a prominently known as ‘Sasquatch’, despite the fact that they have acknowledged chasing as a lifestyle, Limboo constantly offer petition to ‘toksongba’ as a lord of the chase and other alongside raising stone column to stamp the place sacred and emblematically Mt.Kanchanjunga half yearly and one at every year as notoriety hallowed place “Mangena Lung” by sambas and Yebas.
For the limboos, the Kanchanjunga go orders a forcing nearness and the limboos find immeasurably vital occasions in their fantasies and legends on this pinnacles beginning with their production of mankind, the Limboo clan to be more exact. The Limboo’s are the autochthons of Sikkim alongside Lepchas. The most space territory are the western piece of Sikkim as “Limboo Homeland” in Sikkim flanking the two sides of Kanchanjunga and scattered in every one of the three areas of Sikkim.
Animal deity has an important religious significance in limboo tribe. They Have a deity associated with Tiger ‘Keyba Sammang’ Serpent ‘Osek Sammang’ Monkey ‘Saba Sammang’ and Hawk ‘Muya Sammang’ also known as ‘guardian deities ‘ of animal spirits occupies central part of limboo rituals. Thus some animals to be sacred to particular deities. The notable ethnic limboo festivals are sisekpa Tongnam, Chasok Tongnam, Kokphekwa Tongnam, Sirijunga Sawan Tongnam and Imansing Chemjong Sawan Tongnam are celebrated with folk musical instruments called KAY ‘Chyabrung’ a traditional drum and traditional group dance ‘Yarak’ is famous performed in marriage and festival celebrations.
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