Eastern Himalayas – Sikkim

Eastern Himalayas – Sikkim

After a series of requests by partner schools in 2014 for finding a suitable destination in the Mid Himalayan, Enviro Trips™ initiated an extensive search.  Over 7 trips were conducted to various regions across the breadth of The Himalayas ranges: from Kashmir till Arunachal Pradesh.  Our key deciding factors were the potential for the region for learning, engagement with native communities, biodiversity, travel access and most of all safety.   After nearly a year of intensive surveys and studies we had shortlisted a few and top of our list was Sikkim.  A new destination was born and our students and schools were quick to join us in our expeditions.

Sikkim has been given numerous names. The Lepchas, unique tenants of the land called it Nye-mae-el `paradise’. The Limbus named it Su Khim or `new house’ while to the Bhutias it was Beymul Demazong `the concealed valley of rice’.

Today, voyagers are beckoned by  the all encompassing flawlessness of the snow-topped Himalayas, the overwhelming aroma of bloom embellished glades, the dynamic culture and euphoric celebrations, the endless assortment of its widely varied vegetation makes it an occasion that is without a moment’s delay interesting and testing.

Sikkim Educational Tour trips

A Global Biodiversity Hotspots – Sikkim

India is recognized as one of the 12 mega diversity centers of the world. India accounts for nearly 8% of recorded species on our planet and having only 2.4% of the land area. Out of the 34 biodiversity hot-spots in the world recognized by UNESCO, India owns 2, namely the Western Ghats and the Eastern Himalaya. Sikkim covering just 0.2 % of the geographical area of the country has 26% of the country’s total biodiversity and has been identified as one of the HOT-SPOT in the Eastern Himalayas.

The erstwhile kingdom and now the 22nd state of India is endowed with rich floral and fauna diversity. Species wise, the State harbors over 5500 flowering plants, 557 Orchids, 38 Rhododendrons, 16 Conifers, 28 Bamboos, 362 Ferns and its allies, 9 Tree Ferns, 30 Primulas, 11 Oaks, 1681 Medicinal plants, 144+ mammals, 568 Birds, 48 Fishes, and over 689 Butterflies and 7000 species of Moths. While these figures are still not absolute, it may be kept in mind that this is only the mega-fauna and flora. The tremendous diversity of insects like beetles and moths as well as a host of other life forms is yet to be enumerated. Most of the high altitude medicinal plants are rare and endangered species.

Sikkim also has 28 Mountains/Peaks, more than 80 Glaciers, 534 high altitude lakes/wetlands and over 104 rivers and streams.

A true treasure trove of Learning for all.

Kang-chen-dzo-nga  literally translates into the 5 great treasures of the snow.  It is believed that the 5 peaks that surround the great mountain hold many treasures.  From almost all parts of Sikkim the magnificent Kanchenjunga is visible on a clear day.  It is the third highest mountain in The World and interestingly the highest in india.  Considered by climbers as the the most difficult peak to scale, till date no one has officially “Summited”the peak.  Not because they could not but out of reverence to the beliefs and customs of the local people who worship it and do not want any human to scale it.

Kanchenjunga is composed of rocks of Neoproterozoic (late Precambrian) to Ordovician age (i.e., about 445 million to 1 billion years old). The mountain and its glaciers receive heavy snow during the summer monsoon season and a lighter snowfall during the winter. The individual summits connect to neighbouring peaks by four main ridges, from which four glaciers flow—the Zemu (northeast), the Talung (southeast), the Yalung (southwest), and the Kanchenjunga (northwest).

Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve (KBR) with an area of 2,931.12 Km2 represents a land area which upholds the Trans-Himalayan biota in the eastern part of Hindukush Himalayas. KBR is endowed with one of the highest eco-systems in the world and it covers varying eco-clines from sub-tropical to arctic, vast land of natural forests in different biomes from 1220 m .to over 8586 m above sea level.

The 40th World Heritage Committee at Istanbul, Turkey on the 17th of July, 2016 has inscribed Khangchendzonga National Park of Sikkim, India as a UNESCO’s World Heritage Site on ‘Mixed’ criteria recognizing the outstanding universal values for its both natural and cultural significance

The People of Sikkim

The people of Sikkim are warm, simple and friendly with a cheerful of nature. People od Sikkim are known as of Sikkimese. But Sikkim is a State which consist various communities, cultures, religions and customs. Sikkim is one the peaceful place India and has good mechanism of living harmony in between people of the states.

Sikkim Students Educational tour trips

The Lepchas

The first occupants of Sikkim are said to be Lepchas. They existed much before the Bhutias and Nepalese moved to the state. Before receiving Buddhism or Christianity as their religion, the most punctual Lepcha pilgrims were devotees to the bone confidence or mune confidence. This confidence was fundamentally in view of spirits, great and terrible. They adored spirits of mountains , waterways and timberlands which was nevertheless normal for a clan that coincided so amicably with the rich common environment. The Lepcha (Zongu) fables is rich with stories. The Lepcha populace is gathered in the focal piece of the Sikkim. This I s the region that envelops the conjunction of Lachen and Lachung streams and Dickchu.

The Bhutias

These are the general population of Tibetan inception. They relocated to Sikkim maybe some place after the fifteenth century through the territory of Sikkim. In Northen Sikkim, where they are the significant occupants, they are known as the Lachenpas and Lachungpas. The dialect talked by the bhutias is sikkimese . Bhutia towns are as huge as those contrasted with those of Lepchas . A Bhutia house called “Khin” is ordinarily of rectangular shape.

The Nepalese

The Nepalese showed up on the Sikkim scene considerably after the Lepchas and Bhutias. They relocated in huge numbers and before long turned into the overwhelming network. The Nepalese presently constitute in excess of 80 % of the aggregate populace. The Nepali pioneers presented the terraced arrangement of development. Cardamom was a critical money edit presented by the Nepalis’. Aside from the Sherpas and Tamangs who are Buddhists, the Nepalis’ are standard Hindus with the typical cast framework.

Want to know more about people of Sikkim also Read The Limboos of Sikkim – IBDP students Field Trip to Eastern Himalayas

Sikkim Eastern Himalayas Tour trips

Student Tour Highlights

Travel Explore Experience Learn

Students participating in Enviro Trips™ to The Eastern Himalayas will get a rare opportunity to

  • Engage with the native tribes of Lepchas, Limboos & Bhutias
  • Explore the local customs, traditions and heritage
  • Study the diverse Flora & Fauna of the region.
  • Visit numerous Monasteries and learn their history
  • Get an exposure to the teachings of Lord Buddha
  • Visit remote hill towns like Lachung, Yuksom, Pelling and others
  • Learn about the geology of the Eastern Himalayas, its high altitude lakes and land covers
  • and lots more…..

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